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What Is Taiwan Agreement between Us and China

The Taiwan Agreement between the United States and China was signed in 1979 and is a cornerstone of the diplomatic relations between the two countries. It established the “One China” policy, which recognizes the People`s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China, including Taiwan, while acknowledging the Chinese position that there is only one China in the world.

Under the agreement, the U.S. recognized the People`s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China, and it established diplomatic relations with Beijing, while severing official relations with Taiwan. The U.S. also agreed to reduce its military presence on the island and restrict arms sales to Taiwan.

In exchange, China agreed to pursue peaceful reunification with Taiwan, without the use of force. The agreement also paved the way for increased economic and cultural exchanges between the two countries.

Despite the agreement, tensions between China and Taiwan have continued, with China`s government claiming sovereignty over the island, while Taiwan maintains its independence and democratic governance.

The U.S. has maintained unofficial relations with Taiwan, including providing military aid and intelligence support. In January 2021, the U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the lifting of restrictions on U.S. officials` interactions with Taiwan, a move that angered China.

The Taiwan Agreement remains a controversial issue, with some critics arguing that it undermined Taiwan`s sovereignty and security, while others argue that it was necessary to avoid a military confrontation between China and the United States.

In conclusion, the Taiwan Agreement between the United States and China is a crucial agreement that established the “One China” policy and diplomatic relations between the two countries. While it has helped to avoid a military confrontation, tensions between China and Taiwan remain a contentious issue, and the U.S. continues to balance its relationship between the two countries.